Publications (PURE)

Publications

Recent publications


66  (of 66 published available) for Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modelling with keyword Oceanography clear keyword filter. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details.

2018 (24/7)
Global Ecology and Biogeography
vol.27 pp.760-786
(Article)
BioTIME
Maria Dornelas, Laura H. Antão, Faye Helen Moyes, Amanda E. Bates, Anne Magurran, DuÅ¡an Adam, Asem A. Akhmetzhanova, Ward Appeltans, José Manuel Arcos, Narayanan Ayyappan, Gal Badihi, Andrew H. Baird, Tiago Egydio Barreto, Claus Bässler, Alecia Bellgrove, Jonathan Belmaker, Lisandro Benedetti-cecchi, Brian J. Bett, Anne D. Bjorkman, Magdalena Błażewicz, Shane A. Blowes, Christopher P. Bloch, Timothy C. Bonebrake, Susan Boyd, Matt Bradford, Andrew J. Brooks, James H. Brown, Helge Bruelheide, Phaedra Budy, Fernando Carvalho, Edward Castañeda-moya, Chaolun Allen Chen, John F. Chamblee, Tory J. Chase, Laura Siegwart Collier, Sharon K. Collinge, Richard Condit, Elisabeth J. Cooper, J. Hans C. Cornelissen, Unai Cotano, Shannan Kyle Crow, Gabriella Damasceno, Claire H. Davies, Robert A. Davis, Frank P. Day, Steven Degraer, Tim S. Doherty, Timothy E. Dunn, Giselda Durigan, J. Emmett Duffy, Dor Edelist, Graham J. Edgar, Robin Elahi, Sarah C. Elmendorf, Anders Enemar, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Rubén Escribano, Marc Estiarte, Brian S. Evans, Tung-yung Fan, Fabiano Turini Farah, Luiz Loureiro Fernandes, Fábio Z. Farneda, Alessandra Fidelis, Robert Fitt, Anna Maria Fosaa, Geraldo Antonio Daher Correa Franco, Grace E. Frank, William R. Fraser, Hernando García, Roberto Cazzolla Gatti, Or Givan, Elizabeth Gorgone-barbosa, William A. Gould, Corinna Gries, Gary D. Grossman, Julio R. Gutierréz, Stephen Hale, Mark E. Harmon, John Harte, Gary Haskins, Donald L. Henshaw, Luise Hermanutz, Pamela Hidalgo, Pedro Higuchi, Andrew Hoey, Gert Van Hoey, Annika Hofgaard, Kristen Holeck, Robert D. Hollister, Richard Holmes, Mia Hoogenboom, Chih-hao Hsieh, Stephen P. Hubbell, Falk Huettmann, Christine L. Huffard, Allen H. Hurlbert, Natália Macedo Ivanauskas, David Janík, Ute Jandt, Anna Jażdżewska, Tore Johannessen, Jill Johnstone, Julia Jones, Jungwon Kang, Tasrif Kartawijaya, Erin C. Keeley, Douglas A. Kelt, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, Kari Klanderud, Halvor Knutsen, Christopher C. Koenig, Alessandra R. Kortz, Kamil Král, Linda A. Kuhnz, Chao-yang Kuo, David J. Kushner, Claire Laguionie-marchais, Lesley T. Lancaster, Cheol Min Lee, Jonathan S. Lefcheck, Esther Lévesque, David Lightfoot, Francisco Lloret, John D. Lloyd, Adrià López-baucells, Maite Louzao, Joshua S. Madin, Borgþór Magnússon, Shahar Malamud, Iain McCombe Matthews, Kent P. Mcfarland, Brian Mcgill, Diane Mcknight, William O. Mclarney, Jason Meador, Peter L. Meserve, Daniel J. Metcalfe, Christoph F. J. Meyer, Anders Michelsen, Nataliya Milchakova, Tom Moens, Even Moland, Jon Moore, Carolina Mathias Moreira, Jörg Müller, Grace Murphy, Isla H. Myers-smith, Randall W. Myster, Andrew Naumov, Francis Neat, James A. Nelson, Michael Paul Nelson, Stephen F. Newton, Natalia Norden, Jeffrey C. Oliver, Esben M. Olsen, Vladimir G. Onipchenko, Krzysztof Pabis, Robert J. Pabst, Alain Paquette, Sinta Pardede, David Maxwell Paterson, Raphaël Pélissier, Josep Peñuelas, Alejandro Pérez-matus, Oscar Pizarro, Francesco Pomati, Eric Post, Herbert H. T. Prins, John C. Priscu, Pieter Provoost, Kathleen L. Prudic, Erkki Pulliainen, B. R. Ramesh, Andrew Rassweiler, Jose Eduardo Rebelo, Daniel C. Reed, Peter B. Reich, Suzanne M. Remillard, Anthony J. Richardson, J. Paul Richardson, Itai Van Rijn, Ricardo Rocha, Victor H. Rivera-monroy, Christian Rixen, Kevin P. Robinson, Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues, Denise De Cerqueira Rossa-feres, Lars Rudstam, Henry Ruhl, Catalina S. Ruz, Erica M. Sampaio, Nancy Rybicki, Andrew Rypel, Sofia Sal, Beatriz Salgado, Flavio A. M. Santos, Ana Paula Savassi-coutinho, Sara Scanga, Jochen Schmidt, Robert Schooley, Fakhrizal Setiawan, Kwang-tsao Shao, Gaius R. Shaver, Sally Sherman, Thomas W. Sherry, Jacek Siciński, Ana Carolina Da Silva, Fernando Rodrigues Da Silva, Fabio L. Silveira, Jasper Slingsby, Tracey Smart, Sara J. Snell, Nadejda A. Soudzilovskaia, Gabriel B. G. Souza, Flaviana Maluf Souza, Vinícius Castro Souza, Christopher D. Stallings, Rowan Stanforth, Emily H. Stanley, José Mauro Sterza, Maarten Stevens, Rick Stuart-smith, Yzel Rondon Suarez, Sarah Supp, Jorge Yoshio Tamashiro, Sukmaraharja Tarigan, Gary P. Thiede, Simon Thorn, Anne Tolvanen, Maria Teresa Zugliani Toniato, Ørjan Totland, Robert R. Twilley, Gediminas Vaitkus, Nelson Valdivia, Martha Isabel Vallejo, Thomas J. Valone, Carl Van Colen, Jan Vanaverbeke, Fabio Venturoli, Hans M. Verheye, Marcelo Vianna, Rui P. Vieira, Tomáš VrÅ¡ka, Con Quang Vu, Lien Van Vu, Robert B. Waide, Conor Waldock, Dave Watts, Sara Webb, Tomasz Wesołowski, Ethan P. White, Claire E. Widdicombe, Dustin Wilgers, Richard Williams, Stefan B. Williams, Mark Williamson, Michael R. Willig, Trevor J. Willis, Sonja Wipf, Kerry D. Woods, Eric J. Woehler, Michael L. Zettler 
Keywords: Biodiversity, Global, Spatial, Species richness, Temporal, Turnover

Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
vol.33 pp.176-184
(Article)
Changes in stable isotope compositions during fasting in phocid seals
sarah habran, France Damseaux, Patrick Pomeroy, Cathy Debier, Dan Crocker, Gilles Lepoint, Krishna Das 
Keywords: Stable isotopes, Seal, Lactation, Post-weaning fast, ReproductionNERC

Methods in Ecology and Evolution
vol.Early View 
(Article)
Estimating effective detection area of static passive acoustic data loggers from playback experiments with cetacean vocalisations
Hanna K. Nuuttila, Katharina Brundiers, Michael Dähne, Jens C. Koblitz, Len Thomas, Winnie Courtene-Jones, Peter G. H. Evans, John R. Turner, Jim D. Bennell, Jan G. Hiddink 
Keywords: Abundance, C-POD, Density estimation, Detection function, Effective detection radius, Static passive acoustic monitoring
2018 (28/6)
Marine Ecology Progress Series
vol.598 pp.35-48
(Article)

ICES Journal of Marine Science
vol.Advance Article 
(Article)
2018 (3)
Journal of Applied Ecology
vol.55 pp.684-693
(Article)
Harbour seals avoid tidal turbine noise
Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Paul Lepper, Jim Elliott, Ben Wilson, Steven Benjamins, David Thompson 
Keywords: Collision risk, Marine mammals, Avoidance, Renewable energy, Pinnipeds, Marine spatial planning, Underwater noise, Tidal turbines, Behavioural responsesNERC
2018 (2)
Ecological Indicators
vol.85 pp.128-136
(Article)
The challenge of habitat modelling for threatened low density species using heterogeneous data
Ana Maria Canadas, Natacha Aguilar de Soto, M. Aissi, A. Arcangeli, M. Azzolin, A. B-Nagy, G Bearzi, I. Campana, C. Chicote, Cedric Cotte, R. Crosti, L David, A. Di Natale, A. Frantzis, P. Garcia, M. Gazo, R. Gutierrez-Xarxa, D. Holcer, S. Laran, G. Lauriano, T Lewis, A. Moulins, B. Mussi, G. Notarbartolo di Sciara, Simone Panigada, X. Pastor, E. Politi, M. Pulcini, J.A. Raga, Luke Edward Rendell, M. Rosso, P. Tepsich, J. Tomás, M. Tringali, Th. Roger 
Keywords: Cuvier’s beaked whales, Abundance, Distribution, Conservation, Density surface modelling, Correction factor, Mediterranean sea

Ecology and Evolution
vol.Early View 
(Article)
Variations in age- and sex-specific survival rates help explain population trend in a discrete marine mammal population
Monica Arso Civil, Barbara Cheney, Valentina Islas-Villanueva, Jefferson Alden Graves, Vincent Janik, Paul M Thompson, Philip Steven Hammond 
Keywords: Calf survival, Capture-recapture, Mortality rate, Population dynamics, Sex-specific survival, Tursiops
2017 (4)
Ecosphere
vol.8 
(Article)
2017 (4)
Ecology and Evolution
vol.7 pp.2101-2111
(Article)
A simulation approach to assessing environmental risk of sound exposure to marine mammals
Carl Robert Donovan, Catriona M Harris, Lorenzo Milazzo, John Harwood, Laura Helen Marshall,  
Keywords: Agent-based models, Grey seal, Harbour porpoise, Risk assessment, Underwater sound
2017 (1)
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
vol.141 pp.159-171
(Article)
An analysis of pilot whale vocalization activity using hidden Markov models
Valentin Mina Popov, Roland Langrock, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Fleur Visser 
2017 (31/1)
Endangered Species Research
vol.33 pp.235-252
(Article)
Assigning stranded bottlenose dolphins to source stocks using stable isotope ratios following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
A A Hohn, Len Thomas, R. H. Carmichael, J. Litz, C. Clemons-Chevis, S. F. Shippee, C. Sinclair, S. Smith, T. R. Speakman, M. C. Tumlin, E. S. Zolman 
Keywords: Carbon, Gulf of Mexico, Nitrogen, Stock structure, Sulfur, Tursiops truncatusEcology, Nature and Landscape Conservation
2017 (9/1)
Current Biology
vol.27 pp.113-119
(Article)
2017 (12/3)
Aquatic Mammals
vol.43 pp.156-161
(Article)
2017 (7)
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
vol.141 pp.8-19
(Article)
Distribution, abundance and habitat use of deep diving cetaceans in the North-East Atlantic
Emer Rogan, Ana Cañadas, Kelly Macleod, M. Begoña Santos, Bjarni Mikkelsen, Ainhize Uriarte, Olivier Van Canneyt, José Antonio Vázquez, Philip Steven Hammond 
Keywords: Design-based abundance, Model-based abundance, Beaked whales, Sperm whales, Pilot whales, Distribution, Deep divers, Habitat models
2017 (7)
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
vol.141 pp.41-58
(Article)
Estimating cetacean density and abundance in the Central and Western Mediterranean Sea through aerial surveys
Simone Panigada, Giancarlo Lauriano, Greg Donovan, Nino Pierantonio, Ana Cañadas, José Antonio Vázquez, M Louise Burt 
2017 (14/9)
Scientific Reports
vol.7 
(Article)
Fine-scale harbour seal usage for informed marine spatial planning
Esther Lane Jones, Carol Elizabeth Sparling, Bernie J McConnell, Chris Morris, Sophie Caroline Smout 
2017 (4)
Marine Mammal Science
vol.33 pp.621-629
(Article)
Individual size, sex and rearing environment impact on aggression in newly weaned seals
Kelly Joanne Robinson, Patrick Pomeroy, Neil Hazon, Simon Moss, Sean Twiss 
Keywords: NERC
2017 (12)
Animal Behaviour
vol.134 pp.167-175
(Article)
2017 (7/2)
Endangered Species Research
vol.32 pp.59-70
(Article)
Late summer distribution and abundance of ice-associated whales in the Norwegian High Arctic
Jade Vacquié-Garcia, Christian Lydersen, Tiago A. Marques, Jon Aars, Heidi Ahonen, Mette Skern-Mauritzen, Nils Oien, Kit M Kovacs 
Keywords: Abundance, Arctic, Belugas, Bowhead whales, Climate change, Distribution, Narwhals, Svalbard, White whales
2017 (11/10)
vol.8 
(Commissioned report)
Modelling harbour seal movements
Bernie J McConnell, Sophie Caroline Smout, Mick Wu 
Keywords: Individual based model , Seals, TelemetryScottish Government
2017 (31/1)
Endangered Species Research
vol.33 pp.265-279
(Article)
2017 (2)
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
vol.136 pp.85-97
(Article)
2017 (3)
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
vol.141 pp.1962-1974
(Article)
Spatio-temporal variation in click production rates of beaked whales
Victoria E. Warren, Tiago A. Marques, Danielle Harris, Len Thomas, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Mark Johnson 
Keywords: Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Acoustics and Ultrasonics
2017 (10/7)
Aquatic Mammals
vol.43 pp.421-429
(Article)
Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) collision with a research vessel
Gregory L. Fulling, Thomas A. Jefferson, Dagmar Fertl, Juan Carlos Salinas Vega, Cornelia Sabrina Oedekoven, Stan A. Kuczaj II 
2017 (31/1)
Endangered Species Research
vol.33 pp.193-209
(Article)
Survival, density, and abundance of common bottlenose dolphins in Barataria Bay (USA) following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Trent L. McDonald, Fawn E. Hornsby, Todd R. Speakman, Eric S. Zolman, Keith D. Mullin, Carrie Sinclair, Patricia E. Rosel, Len Thomas, Lori H. Schwacke 
Keywords: Capture-recapture, Photo-identification, Robust design, Spatial-capture model, Tursiops truncatusEcology, Nature and Landscape Conservation
2017 (2)
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
vol.136 pp.108-121
(Article)
2017 (7/3)
PeerJ
vol.5 
(Article)
True’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus) in Macaronesia
Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Vidal Martin, Monica Silva, Roland Edler, Cristel Reyes, Manuel Carrillo, Agustina Schiavi, Talia Morales, Belen García-Ovide, Anna Sanchez-Mora, Nerea Garcia-Tavero, Lisa Steiner, Michael Scheer, Roland Gockel, Dylan Walker, Enrico Villa, Petra Szlama, Ida K. Eriksson, Marisa Tejedor, Monica Perez-Gil, João Quaresma, Wojtek Bachara, Emma Louise Carroll 
Keywords: Ziphiidae, Cytochrome b, mtDNA, Genetics, Colouration patterns, Phenotype, North Atlantic, Cetacean distribution, Canary Islands, Azores
2017 (25/4)
Frontiers in Marine Science
vol.4 
(Article)
Underwater ambient noise in a baleen whale migratory habitat off the Azores
Miriam Romagosa, Irma Cascão, Nathan D. Merchant, Marc O. Lammers, Eva Giacomello, Tiago A. Marques, Mónica A. Silva 
Keywords: Underwater noise, Ship noise, Baleen whale, MSFD, Open ocean environment
2016 (12)
Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
vol.202 pp.859-868
(Article)
Aerial low frequency hearing in captive and free-ranging harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) using auditory brainstem responses
Klaus Lucke, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Kerstin Ternes, Bernie J McConnell, Simon Moss, Debbie JF Russell, Heike Weber, Vincent Janik 
Keywords: Harbour seal , Phoca vitulina, Hearing, ABR, Low-frequencyNERC
2016 (17/8)
Journal of Experimental Biology
vol.219 pp.2458-2468
(Article)
2016 (9)
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
vol.140 pp.1918-1930
(Article)
Delphinid echolocation click detection probability on near-seafloor sensors
Kaitlin E. Frasier, Sean M. Wiggins, Danielle Harris, Tiago A. Marques, Len Thomas, John A. Hildebrand 
Keywords: Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Acoustics and Ultrasonics
2016 (12)
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
vol.70 pp.2161–2174
(Article)
Dynamic habitat corridors for marine predators
Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Steven Benjamins, Simon Moss, Ben Wilson, David Thompson 
Keywords: Foraging, Marine mammal, Oceanographic, Predator, Pinniped, DivingNERC
2016 (12)
Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
vol.27 
(Review article)
From physiology to policy
Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Sascha Kate Hooker, Saana Isojunno, Mark Johnson, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Paul Wensveen, Carl Robert Donovan, Catriona M Harris, Danielle Harris, Laura Helen Marshall, Cornelia Sabrina Oedekoven, Rocio Prieto, Len Thomas 
2016 (25/1)
Current Biology
vol.26 pp.244-251
(Article)
Moonlight drives ocean-scale mass vertical migration of zooplankton during the Arctic winter
Kim S. Last, Laura Hobbs, Jørgen Berge, Andrew Stuart Brierley, Finlo Cottier 
2016 (29/12)
Marine Ecology Progress Series
vol.562 pp.211-220
(Article)
Naval sonar disrupts foraging behaviour in humpback whales
Lise D. Sivle, Paul Wensveen, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Catriona M Harris, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, Naval sonar, Behavioral response, Lung feeding
2016 (26/10)
Movement Ecology
vol.4 
(Review article)
2016 (11)
Ecological Indicators
vol.70 pp.67-76
(Article)
2016 (14/10)

(Commissioned report)
Population scaling in 5 km x 5 km grey and harbour seal usage maps. Note to Scottish Government MMSS/002/15
Esther Lane Jones, Chris Morris, Sophie Caroline Smout, Bernie J McConnell 
Keywords: Scottish Government
2016

(Chapter (peer-reviewed))
The Gulf of Ambracia’s common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
Joan Gonzalvo, Giancarlo Lauriano, Philip Steven Hammond, Karine A Viaud-Martinez, Maria Cristina Fossi, Ada Natoli, Letizia Marsili 
Keywords: Bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus, Photo-identification, Site-fidelity, Abundance estimate
2015 (30/10)

(Other report)
A description of LATTE outputs
Tiago A. Marques, Len Thomas 
2015 (13/1)
Ocean Science
vol.11 pp.83-91
(Article)
An alternative method for correcting fluorescence quenching
Christophe Guinet, Marthan Bester, Andrew Stuart Brierley, Lars Boehme 
2015 (9)
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
vol.138 pp.1379-1388
(Article)
2015 (2)
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
vol.112 pp.143-157
(Article)
2015 (12/11)
Scientific Reports
vol.5 
(Article)
Passive acoustic monitoring of beaked whale densities in the Gulf of Mexico
John Hildebrand, Simone Baumann-Pickering, Kaitlin Frasier, Jennifer Trickey, Karlina Merkens, Sean Wiggins, Mark McDonald, Lance Garrison, Danielle Harris, Tiago A. Marques, Len Thomas 
2015

(Other report)
Procedure description
Tiago A. Marques, Jessica Shaeffer, Len Thomas 
2014 (13/3)
Scientific Reports
vol.4 
(Article)
Counting whales in a challenging, changing environment
N. Kelly, O. Boebel, A. S. Friedlaender, H. Herr, K. -H. Kock, L. S. Lehnert, T. Maksym, J. Roberts, M. Scheidat, U. Siebert, Andrew Stuart Brierley 
Keywords: Antarctic sea-ice, Abundance, Extent, Ocean, Krill, Ecosystem, Shelf, Edge
2014 (2)
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
vol.135 pp.975-993
(Article)
Dose-response relationships for the onset of avoidance of sonar by free-ranging killer whales
Patrick Miller, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Paul Wensveen, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Lars Kleivane, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Michael A. Ainslie, Len Thomas 
2014
Endangered Species Research
vol.23 pp.125-132
(Article)
Fin whale survival and abundance in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada
Christian Ramp, J Delarue, Martine Bérubé, Philip Steven Hammond, Richard Sears 
Keywords: Fin whale, Mark-recapture, Survival, Abundance, Modeling
2014 (3)

(Commissioned report)
Seal at-sea distribution, movements and behaviour
Debbie JF Russell, Bernie J McConnell 
2014 (7/5)

(Commissioned report)
The east coast of Scotland bottlenose dolphin population
Monica Arso Civil, Barbara Cheney, Valentina Islas Villanueva, Vincent Janik, Paul Thompson, Philip Steven Hammond 
2014 (9)
ICES Journal of Marine Science
vol.71 pp.1913-1920
(Article)
2014
Polarforschung
vol.83 pp.47-61
(Article)
Towards collective circum-antarctic passive acoustic monitoring
I. Van Opzeeland, F. Samaran, K.M. Stafford, K. Findlay, J. Gedamke, Danielle Harris, B.S. Miller 
2013
Biology Letters
vol.9 pp.1-5
(Article)
First direct measurements of behavioural responses by Cuvier's beaked whales to mid-frequency active sonar
Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Brandon L. Southall, John Calambokidis, Walter M. X. Zimmer, Dinara Sadykova, Erin A. Falcone, Ari S. Friedlaender, John E. Joseph, Gregory S. Schorr, Len Thomas, Peter Lloyd Tyack 
Keywords: Acoustic disturbance, Avoidance response, Anthropogenic noise, Mid-frequency active sonar, Military, Ziphius cavirostris
2013 (15/12)
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
vol.98 pp.220-230
(Article)
2013 (6)
PLoS One
vol.8 
(Article)
Using hierarchical bayes to understand movement, health, and survival in the endangered North Atlantic right whale
Robert Schilling Schick, Scott D. Kraus, Rosalind M. Rolland, Amy R. Knowlton, Philip K. Hamilton, Heather M. Pettis, Robert D. Kenney, James S. Clark 
Keywords: Body condition, Health indicator, Mammals, Health change, Population status, Endangered species, State-space model, North Atlantic right whales, Anthropogenic stressors
2012 (12/9)
PLoS One
vol.7 
(Article)
2012 (23/2)
Marine Ecology Progress Series
vol.448 pp.155-170
(Article)
2010

(Commissioned report)
Density estimation implications of increasing ambient noise on beaked whale click detection and classification
Tiago A. Marques, Jessica Ward, Susan Jarvis, David Moretti, Ronald Morrissey, Nancy DiMarzio, Len Thomas 
2009 (10)
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
vol.56 pp.2068-2079
(Article)